Handling Esperanto’s “Owies”

There is a small class of words in Esperanto that end in the suffix -AŬ. These words come up frequently, so it is a good idea to memorize them.

In the following video, Covering the Owies in Esperanto, Alex Miller presents some mnemonic devices to help you remember these words. Great video, Alex!

In a comment in the Duolingo Esperanto Learners group that included this video, Lee Miller, one of the admins and experts in the group, said this:

[R]emember that -aŭ isn’t a word ending. “Kontraŭ” is a complete word in itself, so word endings can be added. “Kontraŭe”, “kontraŭo”, “kontraŭi”, etc.

Excellent point, Lee!

Here is a list of all of the words that Alex discusses in his video, in alphabetical order:

ADIAŬ – goodbye

ALMENAŬ – at least

AMBAŬ – both

ANKAŬ – also, as well

ANKORAŬ – still, continues to be/exist

ANSTATAŬ – instead of

ANTAŬ – before (spatially)

ANTAŬ OL – before (temporally)

APENAŬ – hardly, not appropriately

– or

BALDAŬ – soon

ĈIRKAŬ – around

HIERAŬ – yesterday

HODIAŬ – today

KONTRAŬ – against, in opposition to

KVAZAŬ – as though

LAŬ – according to, along, by

MALGRAŬ – despite

MORGAŬ – tomorrow

NAŬ – the number nine (9)

PRESKAŬ – almost

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